Ethernet in the First Mile (EFM) is the nickname of IEEE Std 802.3ah-2004, an amendment to the Ethernet standard, specifying “Media Access Control Parameters, Physical Layers, and Management Parameters for Subscriber Access Networks”. The EFM standard was approved by the IEEE Standards Board in June 2004, and officially published on 7 September 2004.
The “Last Mile” is the name traditionally given to the part of a public communication network that links the last provider-owned node (the central office, the street cabinet or pole) with the customer premsises equipment (CPE). The “First Mile” is the exact same thing, viewed from the customer’s perspective.
EFM does not improve or replace the existing Ethernet. It is a set of additional specifications, allowing users to run the Ethernet protocol over previously unsupported media, such as single pairs of telephone wiring and single strands of single-mode fiber (SMF). This makes the EFM port types suited for use in subscriber access networks, i.e. the networks that connect subscribers to their service provider.
What is the difference between EFM & Traditional leased lines?
EFM is a technology for delivering a high speed (up to 5.6Mbps for every Local Loop), also provides reliable internet connection. Unlike a traditional leased line which uses Fiber to connect you to your local exchange, EFM uses bundles of copper pairs which means lower costs, high resilience with a faster installation time.
Speeds are also symmetrical, so unlike a broadband connection you get the same speeds uploading data as you do downloading.
Enjoy the new technology 🙂